Politics and Architecture: How the formation of city states shaped architecture in Italian cities

Politics and Architecture: How the formation of city states shaped architecture in Italian cities

Out of the darkness of the Middle-Ages, helped by the extreme economic power of commerce, and taking advantage of the turbulence caused by the constant fight for control between the church and the Holy Roman Empire , there emerged in Italy an urban form forgotten since Antiquity: the city-state. These states, also known as Communes, gained the rights and liberties that marked their independence between the late eleventh and the thirteenth century , and some of them obtained significant power and wealth. We could claim that their formation helped to open the way for the Italian Renaissance. In the realm of urban planning , the independent governance brought great change and development. Some of the most famous elements of the Italian cities, the squares, the cathedrals, the city halls, have their origins in this period, and mark different political decisions of the era. For...

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